From the 1960s to the beginning of this century, the world garment industry flourished unprecedentedly. . New materials and techniques emerged, and racing swimsuits designed specifically for competitions began to appear. The blue swimming pool has become a field of competition for scientific and technological power from all countries.
In the early 1960s, DuPont began producing a spandex fiber called Lycra. It can greatly improve the elasticity and extensibility of the fabric, and the extensibility can reach 500%. After recovery, it can be attached to the surface of the human body, and the binding force of the human body is very small. Once lycra hit the market, the swimwear industry was quick to see its potential, combining it with new printing and dyeing techniques to bring vibrant colors and prints to even the simplest swimsuits.
Since the 1980s, with the rapid development of competitive sports, professional swimmers have more and more urgent demands for competitive swimsuits. Performance was further improved in Los Angeles in 1984 with improved straps and crotch tailoring. At the 1988 Seoul Olympics, a U.S. company introduced a "Hercules" swimsuit made of polyurethane fiber and superfine nylon fiber that helped U.S. athletes win gold MEDALS.
In the 1990s, bathing suit entered a new period of rapid development both in terms of material quality and design and production concept. The Polyester and lycra S2000, made for swimmers by The Australian company Speedo, made its debut at the 1992 Barcelona And 1996 Atlanta Games. The S2000 swimsuit is said to reduce water resistance and increase speed by about a second in the 100-meter freestyle. In October 1999, FINA officially allowed the swimsuit to compete and expressed support for improvements.
The 2000 Sydney Olympic Games appeared a truly epoch-making swimsuit - "shark skin". Sharkskin was developed by Speedo. The first generation of sharkskin uses fibers that mimic shark skin structures to guide the water around it, increasing swimming speed. Speedo introduced the second generation of sharkskin at the 2004 Athens Olympics, where 47 swimmers made it to the podium. The swimsuit features grainy dots on the surface of the fabric to reduce water resistance by 30 percent. In 2007, the company developed the third generation of "sharkskin" composed of oxygen-proof elastic yarn and ultra-fine nylon yarn, which helped swimmers from all over the world break 21 world records in one year. At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, the fourth generation of Sharkskin helped Phelps win eight gold MEDALS and break three world records.
However, by the time of the 13th World Swimming Championships in 2009, "sharkskin" had fallen out of fashion, completely eclipsed by the claims of faster swimsuits. The high-tech suits helped set 43 world records and turned the swimming World Championships into a frenzy of technology. But the constant updating of high-tech swimsuits has made people forget the essence of competitive competition. After the 13th Swimming World Championships, FINa decided to ban polyurethane synthetic swimsuits from January 1, 2010, and the competition clothing must be "textile" short swimsuits.
A stylish casual swimsuit
As more and more people are crazy about swimming, many people regard the swimsuit style of swimming stars as the fashion standard. Since the beginning of this century, the development of competitive swimsuits has led to the diversification of public swimsuits. In particular, women's pursuit of beauty has pushed swimsuit companies to develop swimsuits with novel styles, beautiful shapes and diverse colors to meet the needs of consumers of different ages, different consumer groups and different income levels.
A popular leisure swimsuit should be both convenient for underwater activities and have a quick dry function after landing, so that the swimmer does not have to change the swimsuit in a hurry, but also can leisurely continue the following activities. Therefore, a kind of skirt swimsuit is popular with many women. It makes the swimsuit from a single function, fixed point wearing, evolved into multi-function, multi-venue wearing. Women can go to the resort to soak in hot springs or go for a walk on the beach with a simple outfit. The resulting culottes and tennis skirt swimsuits are also very popular.
Because swimsuits are smaller than everyday clothes, and have abandoned superfluous decoration, the style is simple, so the color and pattern is very important. To cooperate the enthusiasm of summer bold and unrestrained, the design of swimsuit is given priority to with ocean, plant, animal, flower more, for instance cloud, mulberry helps orchid, sunflower, coconut, tropical fish to wait, it is the common on swimsuit. The pattern such as stripe, wave dot, leopard grain, jacquard is the favorite of swimsuit fashion bound forever. The color of swimsuit no matter men and women old and young, most profusion is flowery, reveal summer feeling.
Today, people wear casual swimsuits as well as fashion. The change of bathing suit lets more people enjoy the sunshine of summer and the coolness of pool water, embrace the beauty of nature and health.